Gut Dysfunction: How Abdominal Obesity Affects the Microbiome.

Known as central or visceral obesity, abdominal obesity is characterized by excess abdominal fat. This form of obesity is worrisome because it affects the gut microbiome and other health issues. 

The gut microbiome is a complex ecology of bacteria, viruses, fungus, and other microbes in the digestive tract. These microbes' balance and variety are essential to gut health and well-being.

Abdominal obesity alters gut microbiota makeup. Some bacterial species are more abundant in abdominal obesity patients than in healthy people.

Obesity may cause gut microbiota dysbiosis. Dysbiosis reduces healthy bacteria and increases dangerous germs. This imbalance can harm digestion and health.

Chronic low-grade inflammation can affect the intestines in obese people. Gut inflammation changes the microbiome's diversity and function.

Abdominal obesity increases "leaky gut." This disorder lets bacteria, poisons, and undigested food enter the circulation through the intestinal lining. These chemicals can cause inflammation and immunological responses.

Abdominal obesity may cause metabolic dysregulation due to gut microbiota changes. Insulin resistance, glucose metabolism issues, and type 2 diabetes risk are possible.

Obesity and metabolic health studies must understand the complex link between abdominal obesity and the gut flora. Studies are investigating processes and methods to promote gut health and reduce the negative impacts of abdominal obesity.

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